History of Agra
Introductory description: Agra is one of the most popular cities of India. Steeped in history, this city has seen many things ? wars, love and union. Here is the small take on the history of the city, to familiarize you with its interesting past.
According to the ancient Indian texts, the city of Agra was once known as Agrevana. According to historical records, it was Sultan Sikandar Lod? who founded the city in 1504. During the Lodhi dynasty, comprising him and his son, Agra became its capital. After Mughal invasion and fall of the Lodhi?s, the city became the part of the Mughal Dynasty.
It is during the Mughal rule, the city flourished as a center of politics, architecture, art and culture. Agra has been the capital of three Mughal rulers, namely Akbar, Jahengir and Shah Jahan. In Akbar?s reign the city was remaned as ?Akbarabad? or the ?City of Akbar?. During that period, the rulers built several monuments and gardens for security and beautification purposes. Akbar?s son Jahengir, built most of the gardens of the city and his grandson, Shah Jahan, built the beautiful Taj Mahal ? the eponymous symbol of love ? for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. In his later years, Shah Jahan shifted his state capital from Agra to Delhi. However, his son Aurangazeb shifted the capital back to Akbarabad. This place remained the capital of Mughal Dynasty, till 1653, when Aurangazeb moved the capital to Aurangabad, in Deccan Peninsula.
After the decline of Mughals, the power shifted to the Marathas who named the city as Agra. In 1803, the British won over the Marathas and took over the region. During the revolt of 1857, the region was the hotbed of revolutionary activities and rebellion. Although, the revolt failed, but many feel that the 1857 revolt sowed the seed of nationality and freedom in the minds of the people.
A city so ancient and plethora of historical testimony, Agra is a traveler?s paradise and top on the vacation list. Come, and explore Agra the best way possible, and stay in the most exotic hotels of Agra to make your vacation luxuriously memorable one. Choose from the huge range of luxury hotels, resorts and heritage hotels to suit all budgets and requirements, along with extra facilities like taxi rental and great discounts.
Situated on the banks of River Yamuna, Agra is a major tourist destination for its huge anthology of Mughal-era architectural constructions, many of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Notably mentionable is the Taj Mahal which is also one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Agra is often counted as one of the three cities in the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, the other two being Delhi and Jaipur.
The mention of Agra dates back to the Mahabharata era when it was called Agrevana (Sanskrit: the border of the forest). The city was founded as Agra in 1504 by the Muslim ruler of the Delhi Sultanate Sultan Sikandar Lod?. The golden age of Agra began with the Mughal Empire under the rules of Emperor Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan among the most notable ones. Then called Akbarabad, it used to be one of the most important cities in India and witnessed several constructional activities that are today explored and enjoyed by the tourists from all over the world.
Today, Agra is a modern city equipped with urbanized amenities like broad roads, malls, shopping complex and educational institutes. Apart from these, the city has some exciting news for foodies ? including the city?s famous Petha, chaat and lassi.
In short, Agra, is a city that time travels in the past and at the same time flourishes in the present.
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