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monuments in agra

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Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal

Where: Dharmapuri, Forest Colony, Tajganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh 282001
Certainly not the one you have never heard of before, the Taj Mahal is a heritage monument built on the south bank of River Yamuna in Agra. Famous for its beauty and uniqueness, the Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1632 to commemorate his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. It houses the tombs of both Shah Jahan as well as his queen. The tomb is the centerpiece of a 42-acre complex beautifully set amidst gardens on three sides. The Taj Mahal is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for being the most precious artwork of Indo-Islamic architecture in India and one of the universally admired architectural marvels. The Taj Mahal is also counted as one of the Seven Wonders of the World for astonishing the world with its beauty reflected in the rhythmic combination of solids and voids, concave and convex, and light and shadow formed by the arches and domes adding to the aesthetic aspects. The perfect color combination of lush green wrapped by the blue sky at the backdrop of the ivory white ornamented with precious stones in multicolor make it an jaw-dropping sight to stare at.

Agra Fort

Agra Fort

Where: Agra Fort, Rakabganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh 282003
Another of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the city, the Agra Fort was built in an era that was marked by invasions and fortifications, and when power was symbolized by grand palaces and grander forts. Fortification used to be the dividing line between the ruler and the ruled, and the Agra Fort, also known as the Lal Qila is the perfect example of the same that stands today in full glory. The name Lal Qila has been derived from the red sandstone as constructed by Akbar with places of white marble added within the fort during the reign of Shah Jahan. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty until 1638, and is the only fort in the country where all early Mughal emperors lived. Spread over a huge 94-acre on a semicircular plan, the walls of the fort is seventy feet high with its chord parallel to the River Yamuna. There were four gates in the Agra Fort with one at each side, out of which two gates are notable today ?the Delhi Gate? and ?the Lahore Gate?. A major site of architectural importance, the Agra Fort is a visual treat and must visit.

 Jahangir Mahal

Jahangir Mahal

Where: Rakabganj, Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh 282003
Jahangir Mahal is the largest part inside the Agra Fort built by Emperor Akbar during the 16th century. This is the first monument you would see once you enter the Agra Fort from the Lahore Gate. The Orcha palace was built for his son Jahangir where the latter?s queen Nur Jahan resided. The Jahangir Mahal used to be the main resident for the Rajput wives of the rulers and touted as the principle zenana. The palace is a spectacular piece of Indo-Islamic architecture constructed in red sandstone beautifully adorned with Persian style of stone carvings. The most spectacular feature of the palace is the decorative ivory-white marble stone brackets that support the beams. Another breathtakingly beautiful architectural marvel is the Hauz-i-Jahangiri which is a huge bowl carved out of a single piece of stone and was used to store rose water. The Jahangiri Palace stands out as one of the top examples of Mughal architecture with a number of amazing Hindu and Islamic motifs. Sadly though, only 30 of the original 500 buildings at the site still stand while the rest had been demolished by Shah Jahan, British invaders and weather.

Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri

Where: Near Nagar Palika building, Dadupura, Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh 283110
Yet another paradigm of Mughal architectural splendor, Fatehpur Sikri is among the top favorite places to visit in Agra. Being considered as the best example of Indo-Islamic style of architecture, Fatehpur Sikri was a town founded by the Emperor Akbar in 1571 as his capital only to be abandoned in 1610. The ruins of the city sit on rocky ridge of 3 km in length and 1 km in width enclosed within a 6-km wall from three sides and lake on the fourth. The city complex has a gigantic entrance named Buland Darwaza which is 177 ft in height. The dynastic Indo-Islamic style of architecture done in Fatehpur SIkri was modeled on Timurid forms and styles which are majorly constructed in red sandstone. You may catch glimpses of Gujarati influences in its architectural vocabulary and d?cor. The entire complex of Fatehpur Sikri has several monuments and religious places uniformly built in a typical architectural format and that includes one of the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid, which is believed to be built as a replica of Mecca mosque with intricate designs of Persian and Hindu architecture.

Mehtab Bagh

Mehtab Bagh

Where: Near Taj Mahal, Dharmapuri, Forest Colony, Nagla Devjit, Agra, Uttar Pradesh 282001
Mehtab Bagh is one of the last Mughal gardens and an extremely picturesque spots in Agra located just north to the Taj Mahal, the glorifying wonder of the world, and at the same time overlooking the Agra Fort and the River Yamuna on the opposite side. The garden is perfectly quadrilateral in shape and is one of the 11 similar Mughal gardens built near the Taj Mahal. Colloquially called the Moonlight garden, it offers the most picture-perfect glimpse of the Taj especially from the fountain built at the entrance gate. History says the Shah Jahan took special care to build this garden so that he could come up here to admire his most favorite piece of art. The beauty of the garden is enhanced on full moon nights when the reflection of the marble tomb is sighted in the waters of the park which draws a beauty beyond description. Mehtab Bagh is also a horticulture hotspot where a number of vibrantly blooming floral plants and medical herbs are grown along with several fruit trees which perfectly balance and maintain the beauty of the garden as a whole.

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